The Eastern White Pine can tolerate almost all soil types present in its native range, but prefers moist, sandy loam soils.
The soft, blue-green needles range from 2 ½ to 5 inches in length and grow in bundles of five. The cones are 4 to 8 inches long and slightly curved.
The bark of young Eastern White Pines is thin, smooth, and greenish-brown in color. As the tree matures the bark becomes fissured and takes on a dark, grayish-brown color.
Two common insect pests of Eastern White Pine are the White Pine Weevil and the Pales Weevil. Zimmerman Pine Moth is sometimes found on White Pines in a landscape setting.
White Pine Blister Rust is the most detrimental disease of Eastern White Pine. Red Ring Rot and various root rots and wood decay fungi can also infect and damage White Pine trees.
The native range of Eastern White Pine extends from southern Canada south to the northern United States, extending as far south as northern Georgia and as far west as Iowa