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Eastern White Pine
Home  > Tree Identification  > Eastern White Pine

Eastern White Pine
White Pine

         Eastern White Pine - tree
Pinus strobus

The Eastern White Pine is not only the largest conifer native to the Midwest and northeastern United States, but it is also the tallest native tree found in eastern North America. This tree commonly reaches heights of 75 to 100 feet, but under ideal conditions can reach heights exceeding 150 feet with a trunk diameter exceeding 40 inches.

At one time old-growth forests of White Pine covered large expanses of many northern states. The straight trunks of the Eastern White Pine were often used for the masts of sailing ships and milled for building lumber. Widespread logging led to the demise of most of the ancient stands of White Pine.

The fast-growing Eastern White Pine grows best in full sun and has a pyramidal crown when young, eventually maturing to take on an irregular form. This tree transplants easily and can be used in the landscape as an ornamental tree, a screening tree, or a windbreak. Sheared White Pines can also be used for Christmas trees.


The Eastern White Pine can tolerate almost all soil types present in its native range, but prefers moist, sandy loam soils.

The soft, blue-green needles range from 2 to 5 inches in length and grow in bundles of five. The cones are 4 to 8 inches long and slightly curved.

The bark of young Eastern White Pines is thin, smooth, and greenish-brown in color. As the tree matures the bark becomes fissured and takes on a dark, grayish-brown color.

Two common insect pests of Eastern White Pine are the White Pine Weevil and the Pales Weevil. Zimmerman Pine Moth is sometimes found on White Pines in a landscape setting.

White Pine Blister Rust is the most detrimental disease of Eastern White Pine. Red Ring Rot and various root rots and wood decay fungi can also infect and damage White Pine trees.

The native range of Eastern White Pine extends from southern Canada south to the northern United States, extending as far south as northern Georgia and as far west as Iowa

Eastern White Pine - bark

Eastern White Pine Bark

Eastern White Pine - needles

Eastern White Pine Needles

Eastern White Pine - tree

Eastern White Pine


Eastern White Pine - cones

Eastern White Pine Cones

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